Definitions for the self-assessment

ACCESS TO MOBILITY SERVICES IN THE AREA

Definitions: The combination of transport affordability, mobility poverty, accessibility poverty, and exposure to transport externalities affecting the perceived access to mobility. In the context of new sustainable mobility options, this sets requirements on the quality, comfort and accessibility (physical accessibility to ‘traditional’ mobility services and digital accessibility to ‘new’ mobility services that are supported on electronic platforms) of the implemented services.

INTERMODAL INTEGRATION

Definitions: The availability of intermodal connections and quality of the interchange facilities. Also includes the strategic focus of the transport authority in enabling different business models/collaboration and opportunities for transport organizations to solve mobility needs.

OPPORTUNITY FOR ACTIVE MOBILITY

Definitions: Options and infrastructure for active mobility, which refers to the use of the human powered modes, namely walking and cycling. Also, the opportunity for active mobility is used as a proxy for the quality of the public spaces, which is one of the aspects in the attractiveness of the area for existing and future residents.

AIR POLLUTING EMISSIONS

Definitions: Air polluting emissions of all passenger and freight city transport modes. In the European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) people were asked whether they experienced four neighbourhood problems: heavy traffic, litter, noise and air pollution (Eurofound, 2017). Since the topic has been in the survey (2011), a quarter of the EU population reported some or big problems with air pollution in their neighbourhood. Thus, one of the aspects of the attractiveness of the area for existing and future residents.

NOISE HINDRANCE

Definitions: Noise pollution, or exposure to ambient sound levels that are beyond the usual comfort levels, can affect the quality of life and lead to cognitive impairment in children, high stress levels, sleep disturbance and negative health impacts, such as problems with the cardiovascular and metabolic systems.

ACCIDENTS & FATALITIES

Definitions: Your expert opinion on the impact of the solution to the number of accidents and fatalities in the area. Accidents and fatalities defined as a normal indicator – for example, Global Cities Institute (2013), Global City Indicators, “Profile Indicators”.

SECURITY

Definitions: “Perceived security” is your educated opinion on how the residents or other transportation users in the area perceive the risk of crime against users, transportation workers, vehicles, or infrastructure. One of the aspects in the attractiveness of the area for existing and future residents of the area.

URBAN FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY

Definitions: Urban functional diversity refers to a mix of spatial functions in an area, creating proximity of mutual interrelated activities. In peri-urban areas, the same functionality can be achieved by good (and sustainable) accessibility of the essential activities for the residents. One of the aspects in the attractiveness of the area for existing and future residents of the area.

CONGESTION AND DELAYS

Definitions: Delays refer to increased waiting times in road traffic and in public transport during peak hours compared to free-flow travel.

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Definitions: Compared to the air polluting emissions, this aspect refers to all means of increasing sustainability by being energy efficient.

PARKING POLICY

Definitions: The number of parking spaces that the city is allocating for private cars in the area and the strategic aim of using parking policies to support sustainable mobility.

SHARED MOBILITY

Definitions: The availability and market penetration of shared and combined (e.g., carpooling) travel options. This refers to the mobility options for people wanting to reduce the need to own the car, but need one mobility solution for the whole or the major part of the trip.

ROLE OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Definitions: The number of new mobility offerings connected to public transportation. Refers to “channels to reach new customers”. Compared to the visibility of mobility information, this aspect takes the viewpoint of communicating the value proposition of public transportation through collaborating with different partners.

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY

Definitions: The strategic focus of the policymakers in enabling different business models/collaboration and opportunities for transport organizations to solve mobility needs.

PUBLIC INVESTMENTS

Definitions: The need for new investments (technology, infrastructure, vehicles) in the area. Relates to the situation when there is no possibility to use existing infrastructure or those investments are not covered, for example, by the local transport authority of the city for the benefit of all the operators/solutions.

OPEN DATA

Definitions: The availability of (open) mobility data for different actors in the area. Facilitates the sharing of mobility-related information through different channels and creating value-adding services for users based on shared information.